This mountainous region has got its name after the Sayan–Turkic-speaking ethnic group, who once lived in the upper reaches of theYenisei river.
The Sayan Mountains stretch for 850 km from west to east from the valley of the Bolshoy Abakan River to Lake Khubsugul and for 500 km from north to south. This mountain range is surrounded by a number of hollows: Minusinskaya, Tuvinskaya, Todzhinskaya, Tunkinskaya.
Mountain slopes are covered with dark coniferous taiga from cedar, fir and spruce, light coniferous taiga from cedar and larch. Above 1500-2000 meters heigh there are sparse woodland, meadows, mountain tundra, stone placers.
The climate is sharply continental: in the hollows winter temperatures drop to -30 ° C, in summer temperatures reach + 20 ° C.
Despite the remote location of this territories and the harsh climate, the Sayan Mountains beckon travelers with majestic landscapes, unique flora and fauna species and mysterious remnants of ancient cultures.